glossary Concepts Regulations - Generic
In a community some order msut be there to be stable.
Wit the order this must be enforced in some way.
Governance - privacy
Governance is the act of governing. It relates to decisions that define expectations, grant power, or verify performance. It consists of either a separate process or part of management or leadership processes. These processes and systems are typically administered by a government
Court - Justice
Since the establishment of the Court of Justice of the European Union in 1952, its mission has been to ensure that "the law is observed" "in the interpretation and application" of the Treaties.
As part of that mission, the Court of Justice of the European Union:
- reviews the legality of the acts of the institutions of the European Union,
- ensures that the Member States comply with obligations under the Treaties, and
- interprets European Union law at the request of the national courts and tribunals.
Are getting more and more into news.
Privacy_law Privacy law is the area of law concerning the protecting and preserving of privacy rights of individuals. While there is no universally accepted privacy law among all countries, some organizations promote certain concepts be enforced by individual countries
The wiki site references some countries and their laws.
, big brother (2)
Animal Farm All ... are equal, but some ... are more equal than others
1984 (george Orwell)
Within Europe privacy has more attention than in the US. The novell 1984 with the background written in 1948 declares a lot of the political history in the cold war.
Big brother has become
No matter the dictator background a nation or corporation it is the same dystopian
EFF EFF is a donor-funded nonprofit and depends on your support to continue successfully defending your digital rights.
‘La difference’ is stark in EU, U.S. privacy laws
Europeans reserve their deepest distrust for corporations, while Americans are far more concerned about their government invading their privacy.
The most generic and global are:
The generic human rights are not specific to privacy or data security.
An old site with an overview and some history is:
A Summary of United Nations Agreements on Human Rights
Data Protection - Generic
As inforamtion about this is hardly found. Some links:
Data Protection - privacy
The Data Protection Directive (officially Directive 95/46/EC on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data) is a European Union directive which regulates the processing of personal data within the European Union. It is an important component of EU privacy and human rights law.
The United States prefers what it calls a 'sectoral' approach to data protection legislation, which relies on a combination of legislation, regulation, and self-regulation, rather than governmental regulation alone. Former U.S.
President Bill Clinton and former Vice-President Al Gore explicitly recommended in their "Framework for Global Electronic Commerce" that the private sector should lead, and companies should implement self-regulation in reaction to issues brought on by Internet technology.
privacy-data, world wide countries
Data Protection - privacy (eu)
(wiki) is a starting point at UK information.
The ico The ICO is here to help you understand what the Data Protection Act, Freedom of Information Act and related issues mean to you.
We can advise you on how to protect your personal information and how to gain access to official records.
This has propagated to EU level:
The legal reference of the Personal data protection in the European Institutions and Bodies is the "Regulation (EC) 45/2001 of the European Parliament
and of the Council of 18 December 2000 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data by the Community institutions and bodies and on the free movement of such data".
Privacy Protection In 2012, the Commission proposed a major reform of the EU legal framework on the protection of personal data. The new proposals will strengthen individual rights and tackle the challenges of globalisation and new technologies.
National Data Protection Authorities in the Member States of the European Union
National Data Protection Laws in the Member States of the European Union
Within the Social aspects. The area of opinons some to be caught by statistics data mining etc
Much was kept undisclosed at the higer levels.
This chapter is just a collection to more details.
Pension provision and Individual Savings
Life age demograph
By some time this get a lot of attention.
The controversy is caused by using bad statistics and proofs.
The hockeystick growth is showing limits:
In the longer time limits there is van be no discussion.
Earth is no constant. See Alfred Wegeners moving continents.
we are dependant of, is caused by other living creatures.
These creatures have changed the world. Putting oxygen into the air where it did not exist.
There will by human influence as they all want to live.
The question should be: can it be controlled in a way without collapsing?
warming stopped 16 years ago (2012)
(wiki) The tenths on tax a revenues was a decison point.
(wiki) Several European countries operate a formal process linked to the tax system allowing some churches to assess tithes. (10 procent)
(wiki) tax revenues were political decison points.
(wiki) The Revenue Act of 1861, included the first U.S. Federal income tax statute
102% tax-rate Astrid lindgren
In 1976, a scandal arose in Sweden when Lindgren's marginal tax rate was publicized to have risen to 102%. This was to be known as the "Pomperipossa effect" from a story she published in Expressen on 3 March 1976. The publication led to a stormy tax debate
As it has in Nevada, Apple has created subsidiaries in low-tax places like Ireland, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and the British Virgin Islands — some little more than a letterbox or an anonymous office — that help cut the taxes it pays around the world.
History Of Human
Humans are learning the "How to-s" from each other.
Some historical context should be kept in mind. Just a personal selection (generic):
| Persons || Modern times I |
| Einstein || (1935) German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics |
| Persons || Modern times II |
| Richard_Feynman || 1960 - American theoretical physicist known for his work in the path integral formulation of quantum mechanics, the theory of quantum electrodynamics, and the physics of the superfluidity of supercooled liquid helium, as well as in particle physics
© 2012 J.A.Karman (8 mar 2013)